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42crmo无缝钢管 您当前位置:山东群英会走势图 / 42crmo无缝钢管 / 42crmo钢管标准中的常用术语
42crmo钢管标准中的常用术语
双击自动滚屏 发布者:无锡鲁成 发布时间:2019/3/4 阅读:715次 【字体:

1)TONGYONGSHUYU

  ①JIAOHUOZHUANGTAI

  SHIZHIJIAOHUOCHANPINDEZUIZHONGSUXINGBIANXINGHUOZUIZHONGRECHULIDEZHUANGTAI。YIBANBUJINGGUORECHULIJIAOHUODECHENGREYAHUOLENGBA(YA)ZHUANGTAIHUOZHIZAOZHUANGTAI;JINGGUORECHULIJIAOHUODECHENGRECHULIZHUANGTAI,HUOGENJURECHULIDELEIBIECHENGZHENGHUO(CHANGHUA)、DIAOZHI、GURONG、TUIHUOZHUANGTAI。DINGHUOSHI,JIAOHUOZHUANGTAIXUZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING。

  ②ANSHIJIZHONGLIANGJIAOHUOHUOANLILUNZHONGLIANGJIAOHUO

  SHIJIZHONGLIANG--JIAOHUOSHI,QICHANPINZHONGLIANGSHIANCHENGZHONG(GUOBANG)ZHONGLIANGJIAOHUO;

  LILUNZHONGLIANG--JIAOHUOSHI,QICHANPINZHONGLIANGSHIANGANGCAIGONGCHENGCHICUNJISUANDECHUDEZHONGLIANG。QIJISUANGONGSHIRUXIA(YAOQIUANLILUNZHONGLIANGJIAOHUOZHE,XUZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING):

  GANGGUANMEIMIDELILUNZHONGLIANG(GANGDEMIDUWEI7.85kg/dm3)JISUANGONGSHI:

  W=0.02466(D-S)S

  SHIZHONG:W--GANGGUANMEIMILILUNZHONGLIANG,kg/m;

  D--GANGGUANDEGONGCHENGWAIJING,mm;

  S--GANGGUANDEGONGCHENGBIHOU,mm。

  ③BAOZHENGTIAOJIAN

  ANXIANXINGBIAOZHUNDEGUIDINGXIANGMUJINXINGJIANYANBINGBAOZHENGFUHEBIAOZHUNDEGUIDING,CHENGZUOBAOZHENGTIAOJIAN。BAOZHENGTIAOJIANYOUFENWEI:

  A、JIBENBAOZHENGTIAOJIAN(YOUCHENGBIBAOTIAOJIAN)。WULUNKEHUSHIFOUZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING。JUNXUANBIAOZHUNGUIDINGJINXINGGAIXIANGJIANYAN,BINGBAOZHENGJIANYANJIEGUOFUHEBIAOZHUNGUIDING。

  RUHUAXUECHENGFEN、LIXUEXINGNENG、CHICUNPIANCHA、BIAOMIANZHILIANGYIJITANSHANG、SHUIYASHIYANHUOYABIANHUOKUOKOUDENGGONGYIXINGNENGSHIYAN,JUNSHUBIBAOTIAOJIAN。

  B、XIEYIBAOZHENGTIAOJIAN:BIAOZHUNZHONGCHUJIBENBAOZHENGTIAOJIANWAI,SHANGYOU"GENJUXUFANGYAOQIU,JINGGONGXUSHUANGFANGXIESHANG,BINGZAIHETONGZHONGZHU?quot;HUO"DANGXUFANGYAOQIU……SHI,YINGZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING";HAIYOUDEKEHU,DUIBIAOZHUNZHONGJIBENBAOZHENGTIAOJIANTICHUJIAYANYAOQIU(RUCHENGFEN、LIXUEXINGNENG、CHICUNPIANCHADENG)HUOZENGJIANYANXIANGMU(RUGANGGUANTUOYUANDU、BIHOUBUJUNDENG)。SHANGSHUTIAOKUANJIYAOQIU,ZAIDINGHUOSHI,YOUGONGXUSHUANGFANGXIESHANG,QIANSHUGONGHUOJISHUXIEYIBINGZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING。YINCI,ZHEIXIETIAOJIANYOUCHENGWEIXIEYIBAOZHENGTIAOJIAN。YOUXIEYIBAOZHENGTIAOJIANDECHANPIN,YIBANJUNYAOJIAJIADE。

  ④PI

  BIAOZHUNZHONGDE"PI"SHIZHIYIGEJIANYANDANWEI,JIJIANYANPI。RUOYIJIAOHUODANWEIZUPI,CHENGJIAOHUOPI。DANGJIAOHUOPILIANGDASHI,YIGEJIAOHUOPIKEBAOKUOJIGEJIANYANPI;DANGJIAOHUOPILIANGSHAOSHI,YIGEJIANYANPIKEFENWEIJIGEJIAOHUOPI。

  "PI"DEZUCHENGTONGCHANGYOUXIALIEGUIDING(XIANGJIANYOUGUANBIAOZHUN):

  A、MEIPIYINGYOUTONGYIPAIHAO(GANGJI)、TONGYILU(GUAN)HAOHUOTONGYIMULUHAO、TONGYIGUIGEHETONGYIRECHULIZHIDU(LUCI)DEGANGGUANZUCHENG。

  B、DUIYUYOUZHITANSUGANGJIEGOUGUAN、LIUTIGUAN,KEYIBUTONGLU(GUAN)DETONGYIPAIHAO、TONGYIGUIGEHETONGYIRECHULIZHIDU(LUCI)DEGANGGUANZUCHENG。

  C、HANJIEGANGGUANMEIPIYINGYOUTONGYIPAIHAO(GANGJI)、TONGYIGUIGEDEGANGGUANZUCHENG。

  ⑤YOUZHIGANGHEGAOJIYOUZHIGANG

  ZAIGB/T699-1999HEGB/T3077-1999BIAOZHUNZHONG,QIPAIHAOHOUMIANDAIYOU"A"ZIZHE,WEIGAOJIYOUZHIGANG,FANZHIWEIYIBANYOUZHIGANG。

  GAOJIYOUZHIGANGZAIXIALIEDEBUFENHUOQUANBUYOUYUYOUZHIGANG:

  A、SUOXIAOCHENGFENHANLIANGFANWEI;

  B、JIANSHAOYOUHAIYUANSU(RULIU、LIN、TONG)HANLIANG;

  C、BAOZHENGJIAOGAOCHUNJINGDU(YAOQIUFEIJINSHUJIAZAWUHANLIANGSHAO);

  D、BAOZHENGJIAOGAOLIXUEXINGNENGHEGONGYIXINGNENG。

  ⑥ZONGXIANGHEHENGXIANG

  BIAOZHUNZHONGCHENGZONGXIANGSHIZHIYUJIAGONGFANGXIANGPINGXING(JISHUNJIAGONGFANGXIANG)ZHE;HENGXIANGSHIZHIYUJIAGONGFANGXIANGCHUIZHI(JIAGONGFANGXIANGJIGANGGUANZHOUXIANG)。

  ZUOCHONGJIGONGSHIYANSHI,ZONGXIANGSHIYANGDEDUANKOUYINYUJIAGONGFANGXIANGCHUIZHI。GUCHENGHENGXIANGDUANKOU;HENGXIANGSHIYANGDEDUANKOUYINYUJIAGONGFANGXIANGPINGXING,GUCHENGZONGXIANGDUANKOU。

  (2)GANGGUANWAIXING,CHICUNSHUYU

  ①GONGCHENGCHICUNHESHIJICHICUN

  A、GONGCHENGCHICUN:SHIBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGDEMINGYICHICUN,SHIYONGHUHESHENGCHANQIYEXIWANGDEDAODELIXIANGCHICUN,YESHIHETONGZHONGZHUMINGDEDINGHUOCHICUN。

  B、SHIJICHICUN:SHISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGSUODEDAODESHIJICHICUN,GAICHICUNWANGWANGDAYUHUOXIAOYUGONGCHENGCHICUN。ZHEIZHONGDAYUHUOXIAOYUGONGCHENGCHICUNDEXIANXIANGCHENGWEIPIANCHA。

  ②PIANCHAHEGONGCHA

  A、PIANCHA:ZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUSHIJICHICUNNANYUDADAOGONGCHENGCHICUNYAOQIU,JIWANGWANGDAYUHUOXIAOYUGONGCHENGCHICUN,SUOYIBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGLESHIJICHICUNYUGONGCHENGCHICUNZHIJIANYUNXUYOUYICHAZHI。CHAZHIWEIZHENGZHIDEJIAOZHENGPIANCHA,CHAZHIWEIFUZHIDEJIAOFUPIANCHA。

  B、GONGCHA:BIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGDEZHENG、FUPIANCHAZHIJUEDUIZHIZHIHEJIAOZUOGONGCHA,YIJIAO"GONGCHADAI"。

  PIANCHASHIYOUFANGXIANGXINGDE,JIYI"ZHENG"HUO"FU"BIAOSHI;GONGCHASHIMEIYOUFANGXIANGXINGDE,YINCI,BAPIANCHAZHICHENGWEI"ZHENGGONGCHA"HUO"FUGONGCHA"DEJIAOFASHICUOWUDE。

  ③JIAOHUOZHANGDU

  JIAOHUOZHANGDUYOUCHENGYONGHUYAOQIUZHANGDUHUOHETONGZHANGDU。BIAOZHUNZHONGDUIJIAOHUOZHANGDUYOUYIXIAJIZHONGGUIDING:

  A、TONGCHANGZHANGDU(YOUCHENGFEIDINGCHIZHANGDU):FANZHANGDUZAIBIAOZHUNGUIDINGDEZHANGDUFANWEINEIERQIEWUGUDINGZHANGDUYAOQIUDE,JUNCHENGWEITONGCHANGZHANGDU。LIRUJIEGOUGUANBIAOZHUNGUIDING:REYA(JIYA、KUO)GANGGUAN3000mm~12000mm;LENGBA(YA)GANGGUAN2000mmm~10500mm。

  B、DINGCHIZHANGDU:DINGCHIZHANGDUYINGZAITONGCHANGZHANGDUFANWEINEI,SHIHETONGZHONGYAOQIUDEMOUYIGUDINGZHANGDUCHICUN。DANSHIJICAOZUOZHONGDOUQIECHUJUEDUIDINGCHIZHANGDUSHIBUDAKENENGDE,YINCIBIAOZHUNZHONGDUIDINGCHIZHANGDUGUIDINGLEYUNXUDEZHENGPIANCHAZHI。

  YIJIEGOUGUANBIAOZHUNWEI:

  SHENGCHANDINGCHIZHANGDUGUANBITONGCHANGZHANGDUGUANDECHENGCAILVXIAJIANGFUDUJIAODA,SHENGCHANQIYETICHUJIAJIAYAOQIUSHIHELIDE。JIAJIAFUDUGEQIYEBUJINYIZHI,YIBANWEIJIJIAJICHUSHANGJIAJIA10%ZUOYOU。

  C、BEICHIZHANGDU:BEICHIZHANGDUYINGZAITONGCHANGZHANGDUFANWEINEI,HETONGZHONGYINGZHUMINGDANBEICHIZHANGDUJIGOUCHENGZONGZHANGDUDEBEISHU(LIRU3000mm×3,JI3000mmDE3BEISHU,ZONGZHANGWEI9000mm)。SHIJICAOZUOZHONG,YINGZAIZONGZHANGDUDEJICHUSHANGJIASHANGYUNXUZHENGPIANCHA20mm,ZAIJIASHANGMEIGEDANBEICHIZHANGDUYINGLIUQIEKOUYULIANG。YIJIEGOUGUANWEILI,GUIDINGLIUQIEKOUYULIANG:WAIJING≤159mmWEI5~10mm;WAIJING>159mmWEI10~15mm。

  RUOBIAOZHUNZHONGWUBEICHIZHANGDUPIANCHAJIQIEGEYULIANGGUIDINGSHI,YINGYOUGONGXUSHUANGFANGXIESHANGBINGZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING。BEIZHANGCHIDUTONGDINGCHIZHANGDUYIYANG,HUIJISHENGCHANQIYEDAILAICHENGCAILVDAFUDUJIANGDI,YINCISHENGCHANQIYETICHUJIAJIASHIHELIDE,QIJIAJIAFUDUTONGDINGCHIZHANGDUJIAJIAFUDUJIBENXIANGTONG。

  D、FANWEIZHANGDU:FANWEIZHANGDUZAITONGCHANGZHANGDUFANWEINEI,DANGYONGHUYAOQIUQIZHONGMOUYIGUDINGFANWEIZHANGDUSHI,XUZAIHETONGZHONGZHUMING。

  LIRU:TONGCHANGZHANGDUWEI3000~12000mm,ERFANWEIDINGCHIZHANGDUWEI6000~8000mmHUO8000~10000mm。

  KEJIAN,FANWEIZHANGDUBIDINGCHIHEBEICHIZHANGDUYAOQIUKUANSONG,DANBITONGCHANGZHANGDUJIAYANHENDUO,YEHUIJISHENGCHANQIYEDAILAICHENGCAILVDEJIANGDI。YINCISHENGCHANQIYETICHUJIAJIASHIYOUDAOLIDE,QIJIAJIAFUDUYIBANZAIJIJIASHANGJIAJIA4%ZUOYOU。

  ④BIHOUBUJUN

  GANGGUANBIHOUBUKENENGGECHUXIANGTONG,ZAIQIHENGJIEMIANJIZONGXIANGGUANTISHANGKEGUANCUNZAIBIHOUBUDENGXIANXIANG,JIBIHOUBUJUN。WEILEKONGZHIZHEIZHONGBUJUNYUNXING,ZAIYOUDEGANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGLEBIHOUBUJUNDEYUNXUZHIBIAO,YIBANGUIDINGBUCHAOGUOBIHOUGONGCHADE80%(JINGGONGXUSHUANGFANGXIESHANGHOUZHIXING)。

  ⑤TUOYUANDU

  ZAIYUANXINGGANGGUANDEHENGJIEMIANSHANGCUNZAIZHEWAIJINGBUDENGDEXIANXIANG,JICUNZAIZHEBUYIDINGHUXIANGCHUIZHIDEZUIDAWAIJINGHEZUIXIAOWAIJING,ZEZUIDAWAIJINGYUZUIXIAOWAIJINGZHICHAJIWEITUOYUANDU(HUOBUYUANDU)。WEILEKONGZHITUOYUANDU,YOUDEGANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGLETUOYUANDUDEYUNXUZHIBIAO,YIBANGUIDINGWEIBUCHAOGUOWAIJINGGONGCHADE80%(JINGGONGXUSHUANGFANGXIESHANGHOUZHIXING)。

  ⑥WANQUDU

  GANGGUANZAIZHANGDUFANGXIANGSHANGCHENGQUXIANZHUANG,YONGSHUZIBIAOSHICHUQIQUXIANDUJIJIAOWANQUDU。BIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGDEWANQUDUYIBANFENWEIRUXIALIANGZHONG:

  A、JUBUWANQUDU:YONGYIMIZHANGZHICHIKAOLIANGZAIGANGGUANDEZUIDAWANQUCHU,CEQIXIANGAO(mm),JIWEIJUBUWANQUDUSHUZHI,QIDANWEIWEImm/m,BIAOSHIFANGFARU2.5mm/m。CIZHONGFANGFAYESHIYONGYUGUANDUANBUWANQUDU。

  B、QUANZHANGZONGWANQUDU:YONGYIGENXISHENG,CONGGUANDELIANGDUANLAJIN,CELIANGGANGGUANWANQUCHUZUIDAXIANGAO(mm),RANHOUHUANSUANCHENGZHANGDU(YIMIJI)DEBAIFENSHU,JIWEIGANGGUANZHANGDUFANGXIANGDEQUANZHANGWANQUDU。

  LIRU:GANGGUANZHANGDUWEI8m,CEDEZUIDAXIANGAO30mm,ZEGAIGUANQUANZHANGWANQUDUYINGWEI:

  0.03÷8m×100%=0.375%

  ⑦CHICUNCHAOCHA

  CHICUNCHAOCHAHUOJIAOCHICUNCHAOCHUBIAOZHUNDEYUNXUPIANCHA。CICHUDE"CHICUN"ZHUYAOZHIGANGGUANDEWAIJINGHEBIHOU。TONGCHANGYOURENBACHICUNCHAOCHAXIGUANJIAO"GONGCHACHUGE",ZHEIZHONGBAPIANCHAHEGONGCHADENGTONGQILAIDEJIAOFASHIBUYANMIDE,YINGJIAO"PIANCHACHUGE"。CICHUDEPIANCHAKENENGSHI"ZHENG"DE,YEKENENGSHI"FU"DE,HENSHAOZAITONGYIPIGANGGUANZHONGCHUXIAN"ZHENG、FU"PIANCHAJUNCHUGEDEXIANXIANG。

  (3)HUAXUEFENXISHUYU

  GANGDEHUAXUECHENGFENSHIGUANXIGANGCAIZHILIANGHEZUIZHONGSHIYONGXINGNENGDEZHONGYAOYINSUZHIYI,YESHIBIANZHIGANGCAI,NAIZHIZUIZHONGCHANPINRECHULIZHIDUDEZHUYAOYIJU。YINCI,ZAIGANGCAIBIAOZHUNDEJISHUYAOQIUBUFEN,WANGWANGDIYIXIANGJIUGUIDINGLEGANGCAISHIYONGDEPAIHAO(GANGJI)JIQIHUAXUECHENGFEN,BINGYIBIAOGEXINGSHILIERUBIAOZHUNZHONG,SHISHENGCHANQIYEHEKEHUYANSHOUGANGJIGANGCAIHUAXUECHENGFENDEZHONGYAOYIJU。

  ①GANGDERONGLIANCHENGFEN

  YIBANBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGDEHUAXUECHENGFENJIZHIRONGLIANCHENGFEN。TASHIZHIGANGYELIANWANBI、JIAOZHUZHONGQIDEHUAXUECHENGFEN。WEISHIQIJUYOUYIDINGDAIBIAOXING,JIDAIBIAOGAILUHUOGUANDEPINGJUNCHENGFEN,ZAIQUYANGBIAOZHUNFANGFAZHONGGUIDING,JIANGGANGSHUIZAIYANGMONEIZHUCHENGXIAODING,ZAIQISHANGBAOQUHUOZUANQUYANGXIE,ANGUIDINGDEBIAOZHUNFANGFA(GB/T223)JINXINGFENXI,QIJIEGUOBIXUFUHEBIAOZHUNHUAXUECHENGFENFANWEI,YESHIKEHUYANSHOUDEYIJU。

  ②CHENGPINCHENGFEN

  CHENGPINCHENGFENYOUJIAOYANZHENGFENXICHENGFEN,SHICONGCHENGPINGANGCAISHANGANGUIDINGFANGFA(GB/T222)ZUANQUHUOBAOQUYANGXIE,BINGANGUIDINGDEBIAOZHUNFANGFA(GB/T223)JINXINGFENXIDELAIDEHUAXUECHENGFEN。GANGZAIJIEJINGHEYIHOUSUXINGBIANXINGZHONG,YINGANGZHONGHEJINYUANSUFENBUDEBUJUNYUN(PIANXI),YINCIYUNXUCHENGPINCHENGFENYUBIAOZHUNCHENGFENFANWEI(RONGLIANCHENGFEN)ZHIJIANCUNZAIYOUPIANCHA,QIPIANCHAZHIYINGFUHEGB/T222ZHIGUIDING。

  GANGCAIDECHENGPINCHENGFENZHUYAOSHIGONGSHIYONGBUMENHUOZHILIANGJIANYANBUMENYANSHOUGANGCAIZHILIANGSHIYONGDE,SHENGCHANQIYEYIBANBUZUOCHENGPINFENXI(YONGHUYAOQIUZHECHUWAI),DANYINGBAOZHENGCHENGPINFENXIFUHEBIAOZHUNGUIDING。

  ③ZHONGCAIFENXI

  YOUYULIANGGESHIYANSHIFENXITONGYIYANGPINDEJIEGUOYOUXIANZHUCHABIEBINGCHAOCHULIANGGESHIYANSHIDEYUNXUFENXIWUCHA,HUOZHESHENGCHANQIYEYUSHIYONGBUMEN、XUFANGYUGONGFANGDUITONGYIYANGPINHUOTONGYIPIGANGCAIDECHENGPINFENXIYOUFENQIYIJIANSHI,KEYOUDISANFANGJUYOUFENGFUFENXIJINGYANDEQUANWEIDANWEI(RUZHONGGUOGANGTIEYANJIUZONGYUANHUOJUYOUSHANGJIANZIGEDEJIANYANBUMEN)JINXINGZAIFENXI,JICHENGZHIWEIZHONGCAIFENXI。ZHONGCAIFENXIJIEGUOJIWEIZUIZHONGPANDINGYIJU。

  (4)LIXUEXINGNENGSHUYU

  GANGCAILIXUEXINGNENGSHIBAOZHENGGANGCAIZUIZHONGSHIYONGXINGNENG(JIXIEXINGNENG)DEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO,TAQUJUEYUGANGDEHUAXUECHENGFENHERECHULIZHIDU。ZAIGANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHONG,GENJUBUTONGDESHIYONGYAOQIU,GUIDINGLELASHENXINGNENG(KANGLAQIANGDU、QUFUQIANGDUHUOQUFUDIAN、SHENZHANGLV)YIJIYINGDU、RENXINGZHIBIAO,HAIYOUYONGHUYAOQIUDEGAO、DIWENXINGNENGDENG。

  ①KANGLAQIANGDU(σb)

  SHIYANGZAILASHENGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAILADUANSHISUOCHENGSHOUDEZUIDALI(Fb),CHUYISHIYANGYUANHENGJIEMIANJI(So)SUODEDEYINGLI(σ),CHENGWEIKANGLAQIANGDU(σb),DANWEIWEIN/mm2(MPa)。TABIAOSHIJINSHUCAILIAOZAILALIZUOYONGXIADIKANGPOHUAIDEZUIDANENGLI。JISUANGONGSHIWEI:

  SHIZHONG:Fb--SHIYANGLADUANSHISUOCHENGSHOUDEZUIDALI,N(NIUDUN);

  So--SHIYANGYUANSHIHENGJIEMIANJI,mm2。

  ②QUFUDIAN(σs)

  JUYOUQUFUXIANXIANGDEJINSHUCAILIAO,SHIYANGZAILASHENGUOCHENGZHONGLIBUZENGJIA(BAOCHIHENGDING)RENGNENGJIXUSHENZHANGSHIDEYINGLI,CHENGQUFUDIAN。RUOLIFASHENGXIAJIANGSHI,ZEYINGQUFENSHANG、XIAQUFUDIAN。QUFUDIANDEDANWEIWEIN/mm2(MPa)。

  SHANGQUFUDIAN(σsu):SHIYANGFASHENGQUFUERLISHOUCIXIAJIANGQIANDEZUIDAYINGLI;

  XIAQUFUDIAN(σsl):DANGBUJICHUSHISHUNSHIXIAOYINGSHI,QUFUJIEDUANZHONGDEZUIXIAOYINGLI。

  QUFUDIANDEJISUANGONGSHIWEI:

  SHIZHONG:Fs--SHIYANGLASHENGUOCHENGZHONGQUFULI(HENGDING),N(NIUDUN);

  So--SHIYANGYUANSHIHENGJIEMIANJI,mm2。

  ③DUANHOUSHENZHANGLV(σ)

  ZAILASHENSHIYANZHONG,SHIYANGLADUANHOUQIBIAOJUSUOZENGJIADEZHANGDUYUYUANBIAOJUZHANGDUDEBAIFENBI,CHENGWEISHENZHANGLV。YIσBIAOSHI,DANWEIWEI%。JISUANGONGSHIWEI:

  SHIZHONG:L1--SHIYANGLADUANHOUDEBIAOJUZHANGDU,mm;

  L0--SHIYANGYUANSHIBIAOJUZHANGDU,mm。

  ④DUANMIANSHOUSUOLV(ψ)

  ZAILASHENSHIYANZHONG,SHIYANGLADUANHOUQISUOJINGCHUHENGJIEMIANJIDEZUIDASUOJIANLIANGYUYUANSHIHENGJIEMIANJIDEBAIFENBI,CHENGWEIDUANMIANSHOUSUOLV。YIψBIAOSHI,DANWEIWEI%。JISUANGONGSHIRUXIA:

  SHIZHONG:S0--SHIYANGYUANSHIHENGJIEMIANJI,mm2;

  S1--SHIYANGLADUANHOUSUOJINGCHUDEZUISHAOHENGJIEMIANJI,mm2。

  ⑤YINGDUZHIBIAO

  JINSHUCAILIAODIKANGYINGDEWUTIYAXIANBIAOMIANDENENGLI,CHENGWEIYINGDU。GENJUSHIYANFANGFAHESHIYONGFANWEIBUTONG,YINGDUYOUKEFENWEIBUSHIYINGDU、LUOSHIYINGDU、WEISHIYINGDU、XIAOSHIYINGDU、XIANWEIYINGDUHEGAOWENYINGDUDENG。DUIYUGUANCAIYIBANCHANGYONGDEYOUBUSHI、LUOSHI、WEISHIYINGDUSANZHONG。

  A、BUSHIYINGDU(HB)

  YONGYIDINGZHIJINGDEGANGQIUHUOYINGZHIHEJINQIU,YIGUIDINGDESHIYANLI(F)YARUSHIYANGBIAOMIAN,JINGGUIDINGBAOCHISHIJIANHOUXIECHUSHIYANLI,CELIANGSHIYANGBIAOMIANDEYAHENZHIJING(L)。BUSHIYINGDUZHISHIYISHIYANLICHUYIYAHENQIUXINGBIAOMIANJISUODEDESHANG。YIHBS(GANGQIU)BIAOSHI,DANWEIWEIN/mm2(MPa)。

  QIJISUANGONGSHIWEI:

  SHIZHONG:F--YARUJINSHUSHIYANGBIAOMIANDESHIYANLI,N;

  D--SHIYANYONGGANGQIUZHIJING,mm;

  d--YAHENPINGJUNZHIJING,mm。

  CEDINGBUSHIYINGDUJIAOZHUNQUEKEKAO,DANYIBANHBSZHISHIYONGYU450N/mm2(MPa)YIXIADEJINSHUCAILIAO,DUIYUJIAOYINGDEGANGHUOJIAOBODEBANCAIBUSHIYONG。ZAIGANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHONG,BUSHIYINGDUYONGTUZUIGUANG,WANGWANGYIYAHENZHIJINGdLAIBIAOSHIGAICAILIAODEYINGDU,JIZHIGUAN,YOUFANGBIAN。

  JULI:120HBS10/1000130:BIAOSHIYONGZHIJING10mmGANGQIUZAI1000Kgf(9.807KN)SHIYANLIZUOYONGXIA,BAOCHI30s(MIAO)CEDEDEBUSHIYINGDUZHIWEI120N/ mm2(MPa)。

  B、LUOSHIYINGDU(HK)

  LUOSHIYINGDUSHIYANTONGBUSHIYINGDUSHIYANYIYANG,DOUSHIYAHENSHIYANFANGFA。BUTONGDESHI,TASHICELIANGYAHENDESHENDU。JI,ZAICHUYONGSHIYANLI(Fo)JIZONGSHIYANLI(F)DEXIANHOUZUOYONGXIA,JIANGYATOU(JINGANGCHANGYUANZHUITIHUOGANGQIU)YARUSHIYANGBIAOMIAN,JINGGUIDINGBAOCHISHIJIANHOU,XIECHUZHUSHIYANLI,YONGCELIANGDECANYUYAHENSHENDUZENGLIANG(e)JISUANYINGDUZHI。QIZHISHIGEWUMINGSHU,YIFUHAOHRBIAOSHI,SUOYONGBIAOCHIYOUA、B、C、D、E、F、G、H、KDENG9GEBIAOCHI。QIZHONGCHANGYONGYUGANGCAIYINGDUSHIYANDEBIAOCHIYIBANWEIA、B、C,JIHRA、HRB、HRC。

  YINGDUZHIYONGXIASHIJISUAN:

  DANGYONGAHECBIAOCHISHIYANSHI,HR=100-e

  DANGYONGBBIAOCHISHIYANSHI,HR=130-e

  SHIZHONGe--CANYUYAHENSHENDUZENGLIANG,QISHENXIYIGUIDINGDANWEI0.002mmBIAOSHI,JIDANGYATOUZHOUXIANGWEIYIYIGEDANWEI(0.002mm)SHI,JIXIANGDANGYULUOSHIYINGDUBIANHUAYIGESHU。eZHIYUDA,JINSHUDEYINGDUYUDI,FANZHIZEYINGDUYUGAO。

  SHANGSHUSANGEBIAOCHISHIYONGFANWEIRUXIA:

  HRA(JINGANGSHIYUANZHUIYATOU)20-88

  HRC(JINGANGSHIYUANZHUIYATOU)20-70

  HRB(ZHIJING1.588mmGANGQIUYATOU)20-100

  LUOSHIYINGDUSHIYANSHIMUQIANYINGYONGHENGUANGDEFANGFA,QIZHONGHRCZAIGANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHONGSHIYONGJINCIYUBUSHIYINGDUHB。LUOSHIYINGDUKESHIYONGYUCEDINGYOUJIRUANDAOJIYINGDEJINSHUCAILIAO,TAMIBULEBUSHIFADEBUSHI,JIAOBUSHIFAJIANBIAN,KEZHIJIECONGYINGDUJIDEBIAOPANDUCHUYINGDUZHI。DANSHI,YOUYUQIYAHENXIAO,GUYINGDUZHIBURUBUSHIFAZHUNQUE。

  C、WEISHIYINGDU(HV)

  WEISHIYINGDUSHIYANYESHIYIZHONGYAHENSHIYANFANGFA,SHIJIANGYIGEXIANGDUIMIANJIAJIAOWEI1360DEZHENGSILENGZHUITIJINGANGSHIYATOUYIXUANDINGDESHIYANLI(F)YARUSHIYANBIAOMIAN,JINGGUIDINGBAOCHISHIJIANHOUXIECHUSHIYANLI,CELIANGYAHENLIANGDUIJIAOXIANZHANGDU。

  WEISHIYINGDUZHISHISHIYANLICHUYIYAHENBIAOMIANJISUODEZHISHANG,QIJISUANGONGSHIWEI:

  SHIZHONG:HV--WEISHIYINGDUFUHAO,N/mm2(MPa);

  F--SHIYANLI,N;

  d--YAHENLIANGDUIJIAOXIANDESUANSHUPINGJUNZHI,mm。

  WEISHIYINGDUCAIYONGDESHIYANLIFWEI5(49.03)、10(98.07)、20(196.1)、30(294.2)、50(490.3)、100(980.7)Kgf(N)DENGLIUJI,KECEYINGDUZHIFANWEIWEI5~1000HV。

  BIAOSHIFANGFAJULI:640HV30/20BIAOSHIYONG30Hgf(294.2N)SHIYANLIBAOCHI20S(MIAO)CEDINGDEWEISHIYINGDUZHIWEI640N/mm2(MPa)。

  WEISHIYINGDUFAKEYONGYUCEDINGHENBODEJINSHUCAILIAOHEBIAOMIANCENGYINGDU。TAJUYOUBUSHI、LUOSHIFADEZHUYAOYOUDIAN,ERKEFULETAMENDEJIBENQUEDIAN,DANBURULUOSHIFAJIANBIAN。WEISHIFAZAIGANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHONGHENSHAOYONG。

  ⑥CHONGJIRENXINGZHIBIAO

  CHONGJIRENXINGSHIFANYINGJINSHUCAILAIEDUIWAILAICHONGJIFUHEDEDIKANGNENGLI,YIBANYOUCHONGJIRENXINGZHI(ak)HECHONGJIGONG(Ak)BIAOSHI,QIDANWEIFENBIEWEIJ/cm2HEJ(JIAOER)。

  CHONGJIRENXINGHUOCHONGJIGONGSHIYAN(JIANCHENG"CHONGJISHIYAN"),YINSHIYANWENDUBUTONGERFENWEICHANGWEN、DIWENHEGAOWENCHONGJISHIYANSANZHONG;RUOANSHIYANGQUEKOUXINGZHUANGYOUKEFENWEI"V"XINGQUEKOUHE"U"XINGQUEKOUCHONGJISHIYANLIANGZHONG。

  CHONGJISHIYAN:YONGYIDINGCHICUNHEXINGZHUANG(10×10×55mm)DESHIYANG(ZHANGDUFANGXIANGDEZHONGJIANCHUYOU"U"XINGHUO"V"XINGQUEKOU,QUEKOUSHENDU2mm)ZAIGUIDINGSHIYANJISHANGSHOUCHONGJIFUHEDAJIXIAZIQUEKOUCHUZHEDUANDESHIYAN。

  A、CHONGJIXISHOUGONGAkv(u)--JUYOUYIDINGCHICUNHEXINGZHUANGDEJINSHUSHIYANG,ZAICHONGJIFUHEZUOYONGXIAZHEDUANSHISUOXISHOUDEGONG。DANWEIWEIJIAOER(J)HUOKgf . m。

  B、CHONGJIRENXINGZHIakv(u)--CHONGJIXISHOUGONGCHUYISHIYANGQUEKOUCHUDIBUHENGJIEMIANJISUODEDESHANG。DANWEIWEIJIAOER/LIMI2(J/cm2)HUOGONGJINLI . MI/LIMI2(Kgf . m/cm2)。JISUANGONGSHIWEI:

  SHIZHONG:Akv(u)--SHIYANGZHEDUANSHISUOXISHOUDEGONG,Kgf . m(J);

  S --SHIYANGQUEKOUCHUDIBUHENGJIEMIANMIANJI,cm2。

  CHANGWENCHONGJISHIYANWENDUWEI20±50C;DIWENCHONGJISHIYANWENDUFANWEIWEI<15~-1920C;GAOWENCHONGJISHIYANWENDUFANWEIWEI35~10000C。

  DIWENCHONGJISHIYANSUOYONGLENGQUEJIEZHIYIBANWEIWUDU、ANQUAN、BUFUSHIJINSHUHEZAISHIYANWENDUXIABUNINGGUDEYETIHUOQITI。RUWUSHUIYICHUN(JIUJING)、GUTAIERYANGHUATAN(GANBING)HUOYEDANWUHUAQI(YEDAN)DENG。





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